Music IndustryJob Descriptions

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A&R Director- The Artist & Repertoire (A&R) Director runs the department responsible for finding and signing new music talent. They are responsible for the budget of the department, managing the staff, hiring new staff and sometimes acting as A&R manager for larger acts. They are responsible for managing the A&R coordinators and other A&R staff. An A&R Director needs a thorough understanding of music and the contemporary music scene. They need to know how music works and how albums are recorded and produced.

A&R Manager– A&R Managers are creative people with good business skills and a solid understanding of the music marketplace. It is not enough to like the music, an A&R Manager needs an excellent knowledge of the contemporary music scene and to understand what sells. The main job is picking acts that will be successful and then working with the act to find the right producers and writers. The process is very much a nurturing one to ensure the band or solo artist impacts at the right time with the right material.

A&R Scout-A&R (Artist & Repertoire) was developed when it was rare for artists to write their own material. A&R in those days was concerned with matching artists with songwriters. Nowadays A&R is responsible for scouting new talent, signing it to a label and then overseeing all aspects of the process that leads up to the delivery of all finished recordings. As well as scouting and signing singers and musicians an A&R Scout will often manage the recording process and be concerned with the development of artists.

Accompanist-An Accompanist is usually somebody who supports a singer, choir or an instrumentalist, by playing a musical accompaniment. There are many types of Accompanist. An Accompanist is often, but not always, a pianist. They may provide musical accompaniment to silent films, dance classes, choirs, or other musicians including ensembles, bands and individual musicians. A singing teacher who plays the piano for their pupil while they are singing is providing accompaniment just as a band or full orchestra.

Account Executive- An Account Executive in the music industry may work in PR, Marketing or Sales. They are employed directly either by a music company, or by an agency specializing in the music or entertainment industry. They will usually be responsible for a specific client of the agency or company, or a specific brand or company product. In the music industry this may be a band or solo artist, or a record label. The Account Executive will often be responsible for a portfolio of clients or brands.

Account Manager-An Account Manager in the music industry is more senior than an account executive. They will make more strategic business decisions. They may be responsible for managing a team of account executives. Like account executives, an Account Manager may work in PR, marketing or sales. They are employed directly either by a music company, or by an agency specializing in the music or entertainment industry. They will usually be responsible for a specific client of the agency or company, or a specific brand or company product as well as managing a team of staff.

Accountant (Qualified)-A Qualified Accountant in the music industry is a chartered Accountant with financial expertise within a music industry organization, record label or related music company. Professional qualifications in accountancy are essential for this role. An Accountant may be employed in different roles — as a management Accountant, as a specialized Account in a particular field or as an auditor. They will work on behalf of distributors, artists, writers, copyright societies and record companies.

Administrator-An Administrator in the music industry can take on different roles depending on the size and nature of the organization they are working for. They may work for a record company, musician’s agency, orchestra, or music college, for example. Whatever the company, an Administrator is always in a position which is essential to the efficient working and success of the organization. Administrator can be a very senior role and can involve managing staff and sometimes responsibilities for the probity of the company.

Animator – An Animator produces images that appear to come to life on screen. Their animation can be seen in feature films, commercials, pop videos, computer games, websites and other media. They may work with drawings, specialist software or models and puppets, capturing separate images of each stage of a movement. When the images are viewed at speed the character appears to move.

Arranger-An Arranger will rewrite a piece of existing music with additional new material or flesh out an existing idea or sketch for a singer, a group of performers or other music ensembles. A successful Arranger will work collaboratively with the writer with the aim of bringing out what the writer was trying to convey when they wrote it. They may make changes in the style, arrangement, or instrumentation and will add finishing touches and do the creative mixing.

Artist Liaison-The Artist Liaison works as liaison between an artist and a hiring organization such as a record label or venue. This position ensures that both the artist and the hiring organization have a clear understanding of the logistics and business details of an event or tour, and encourage a musician’s association with the organization. An Artist Liaison strengthens and develops the professional relationship between the artist and an organization by thinking strategically about how the relationship

Artist Manager-An Artist Manager works on behalf of groups or artists to promote the artists’ careers and run their business affairs. Their job is to secure the best work for their clients, for the best fee. The job may include: negotiating contracts and fees, finding and booking events and venues that match the artist’s career strategy, advising on career decisions, publicity and promotion, helping them on career decisions such as which record producer to work with, or which songs to perform, and managing

Associate Producer-The Associate Producer is an individual who performs a limited number of producing functions delegated to her/him by a producer, under the direct supervision and control of that producer. The term may also refer to a person who would qualify as an executive producer of a project, but for the fact that (s)he acts on behalf of a production company which is subordinate to another one on that project.

Audio Engineer-From TV and movies, to CD and radio, an Audio Engineer makes the transmission and translation of sound, atmosphere, and music possible. They’re a vital part of any production and tend to work in groups, especially on larger productions such as movies. An audio engineer uses machinery and equipment to record, synchronize, mix or reproduce music, voices, or sound effects. He or she can work in the movie, music recording, and theater or video game industries.

Backing Singer-A Backing Vocalist or Backing Singer is a singer who doesn’t sing in the lead but sings in harmony with the lead vocalist, other Backing Vocalists, or alone for effect on the instrumentals rather than singing the lead. Some Backing Vocalists are also work as session singers. Most Backing Vocalists work on a contract basis, but some may be contracted full time to an agency or production team. Some Backing Singers may specialize in harmony.

Board Operator-A Board Operator or Board Op is a particular type of operator at a radio station, television studio, or at a live production such as a theater or concert venue that provides live event support. The board operator is responsible for operation of the control system (board), and in the case of temporary or portable productions, the board op will also be responsible for the installation and testing of the control system as well.

Booker- A Booker schedules live performances for their clients. To do so, they must network with venue operators, music promoters and other Bookers. They handle all financial matters in connection with the date and coordinate the scheduling logistics. Music Bookers may also be involved with promoting the events they book. Music Bookers must be organized, motivated, and possess good communication skills. Computer skills are needed to maintain databases of contacts and venue information.

Booking Agent-An Artist Booker, or Booking Agent, works in the music industry to book performers for concerts, gigs and other live music performances. They often schedule performances and negotiate with the artists directly or with booking representatives or producers to arrange terms of contract, dates, and fees. They may also audition new talent. Artist Bookers or Booking Agents may either be employed in-house or work independently. They may specialize in independent bookings in a particular musical genre.

Booking Manager-A Booking Manager negotiates contracts with performers and/or agents in booking the concerts. The booking manager is also responsible for reserving concert venues.

Box Office Manager-A Box Office Manager is responsible for managing the box office and supervising the box office assistants and other staff. They have overall responsibility for making sure customers are well looked after and happy with the service. The job of Box Officer Manager is often part of the marketing department of the venue and the Box Office Manager may be responsible for maximizing revenue from the sale of tickets. They may be expected to provide comprehensive database analysis and other information.

Brand / Product Management, Manager-The role of a Brand Manager or Product Manager working in the music industry is to help create and implement marketing campaigns to maximize the sales of music from a particular record label, artist, online music service, radio station or other music product. They will usually be employed by a large or well established record label or music company and are likely to be responsible for managing the campaigns for a specific artist, product or group of artists.

Business Affairs, Manager-A Business Affairs Manager has a wide range of duties and responsibilities in an organization. S/he may be allocated to oversee the various affairs of a single department or project or might be required to oversee the responsibilities of an entire organization. His or her basic duties involve supervision of performances of staff, business operations, and budgetary recommendations.

Business Consultant-A Business Consultant is a position that requires someone with insight, foresight, and a general overall perspective of a company and where it stands among its competitors. This is often a role that is outsourced or a contracted position by a company, because it requires someone who is not necessarily a part of the integral day to day operations of that company.

Business Development, Manager-A Business Development Manager in the music industry will be employed by a music company, artist, music ensemble or music organization to be responsible for carrying out strategy to develop their business, their profile or their organization in line with what they want to achieve. The role is very varied and depends on the nature of the business and what their specific needs are. A Business Development Manager will manage the team of people responsible for researching the existing market and emerging markets.

Catalog Manager-The Catalog Manager is responsible for compiling, sorting, shelving, issuing and receiving of catalog materials such as electronic media. This position must locate catalog materials and replace material in shelving areas, stacks, databases or files according to identification number and title.

Catalog Marketing, Manager-A Catalog Manager will be employed by a music publisher, record label, music archive or any company that has a music resource that needs to be made available and easily accessible to users and clients. They may devise, implement and maintain the management systems for the catalog, and help to promote and publicize the catalog. The catalog may be for the general public or specific sectors of the general public such as music academics and researchers, or for the internal use of the company.

Choreographer-Choreographers create and arrange original dances, combining steps and movements to form an artistic whole. They also develop new interpretations of traditional dances. Choreographers usually audition performers and teach them a dance at rehearsals. They often stage and direct presentations of their own works.

Club DJ-The Club DJ works primarily at nightclubs and bars. Most Club DJs have residencies (secured gigs at specific clubs) and perform daily, weekly or monthly. The most important goal of the club DJ is to keep the dance floor packed with patrons, while clearing it periodically so that bar sales will increase.

Club Manager-A Club Manager or Nightclub Manager is responsible for the cost effective and successful operation of the club. The character of clubs in the music industry is very diverse. Some will offer live music most or all nights, some may specialize in DJs. Whether the club is independent or owned by a chain it has its own identity and is likely to specialize in a particular type of music, such as dance, house, folk or rock.

Community Music Worker-Community Music Workers collaborate with a wide variety of local groups, encouraging the use of music related activities to support their development and improve the quality of life of individuals from the local community. A Community Music Worker will often work in areas where there are social, cultural or environmental issues to be addressed. Many of the people they work with come from groups that are considered to be disadvantaged or vulnerable in some way, such as children from disadvantaged areas.

Composer– Music Composers create works of music that can be performed by orchestras, voices, groups of musicians and soloists. The compositions may be in any style, such as classical, rock, soul, rhythm and blues, opera, pop, jazz, funk, blues, big band, country or folk. As well as music for live performance, Composers create music for film, radio, computer, hand held games and other media. Composers create their compositions with rhythm, melody and texture in a variety of ways.

Concert Manager-A Concert Manager will usually be employed by an orchestra or other musical ensemble in the field of classical music, or by a concert venue. Their job is to ensure the smooth running of the rehearsal and concert, with particular responsibilities for the orchestra, soloists and conductor or other musicians. They will make decisions, with the conductor or director, about rehearsals, concert schedules and arrangements, and make sure those requirements are met.

Conductor-Music Conductors help groups of instrumentalists and singers to interpret and perform pieces of music. They prepare musical scores for performance, and form clear ideas about how they should sound. They then lead a group of performers and help them to realize these ideas, making sure that performers understand their roles and play and sing well together, producing the right notes at the right speed. Conductors work with a range of performers including amateur and professional orchestras and community orchestras.

Consultant- A Consultant is someone who advises on and suggests new ideas to improve or maintain growth in a company’s business structure.

Controller-The Controller position is responsible for the overall accounting department of a company. This includes generating and distributing financial reports, maintaining financial records, defining company budgets, and ensuring fair and legal practices of all company financial reporting.

Copyist-In the Music Industry, a Copyist creates the final, written music to use during a recording session. Traditionally, the composer or orchestrator would present the Copyist with a music score written in pencil. From this written score the Copyist would create a clean, computer-engraved copy using software such as Finale or Sibelius. The Copyist is responsible for creating a computer generated copy of the score as well as the individual parts for each instrument, making sure everything is bound

Corporate/Institutional Giving Manager-Charitable giving to human causes on a large scale. Philanthropy must be more than just a charitable donation; it is an effort undertaken by an individual or organization based on an altruistic desire to improve human welfare. Wealthy individuals sometimes establish foundations to facilitate their philanthropic efforts.

Creative Services, Manager-A Creative Services Manager will be the lead on projects requiring creative services. This position deals with the marketing, advertising, promotions, and other media related arms of a company. This position may require design for visuals representing the company, new ideas for promotions, new media, or other inventive ways to better the company.

Dance Instructor-A Dance Instructor instructs, explains, and demonstrates techniques and methods of dance with musical or rhythmic accompaniment to students of all ages. This position is hands-on, requiring the instructor to be able to demonstrate methods and techniques for the class, observe and correct students as they attempt maneuvers themselves, and offer suggestions to students on how to improve their dance techniques.

Dancer-A Dancer uses movement, gesture and body language to portray a character, story, situation or abstract concept to an audience, usually to the accompaniment of music. This usually involves interpreting the work of a choreographer, however it may sometimes require improvisation. Many dancers follow portfolio careers, combining performance with teaching, choreography or administrative work in a dance company.

Database Developer-Every computer program needs the support of the database as a backend for its proper functioning, and Database Developers design these database systems from scratch. Responsibilities may include collecting data, analyzing the collected information, designing algorithms, drawing flowcharts and then implementing code for the logic developed through these algorithms and flowcharts. Database developers should have mastered database programming skills using database languages like Oracle, PL SQL

Director, Music Video-Music Video Directors are responsible for storyboarding and composing a shot-by-shot vision for a music video. They must analyze a song and synchronize their video to the rhythm of its music. Music Video Directors must collaborate with the production crew and actors to create a unified video. A director is responsible for determining how the film moves, sounds and looks, as well as for the performances of the actors. On set, the director takes charge of the artistic and technical aspects of the

DistributionManager-A Distribution Manager is accountable for the strategic planning of transport of products. In the music industry, this position can be responsible for the distribution of various media, music products, equipment, and instruments. Distribution managers monitor the shipping from the distribution centers, to ensure the products are delivered in an accurate and timely manner.

DJ-A DJ or Disc Jockey is someone who selects pre-recorded music, and plays it for an audience of people.

Editor-An Editor reviews and approves proofs submitted prior to publication. This position develops a story or content ideas, considering reader or audience appeal, oversees publication production, including artwork, layout, computer typesetting, and printing, ensuring adherence to deadlines and budget requirements, confers with management and editorial staff members regarding placement and emphasis of developing news stories.

Education / Development Officer-An Education/Development Officer is responsible for supporting an organization’s financial well-being through fundraising. After making contact with a donor, a development officer must convey the goals of their organization while explaining how a donor’s contribution can help further the mission. Development officers sometimes host or attend events in order to persuade funding sources, meaning they must also be willing to work long nights and weekends.

Engineer-An audio engineer, also called audio technician, audio technologist or sound technician, is a specialist in a skilled trade that deals with the use of machinery and equipment for the recording, mixing and reproduction of sounds. The field draws on many artistic and vocational areas, including electronics, acoustics, psychoacoustics, and music. An audio technician is proficient with different types of recording media, such as analog tape, digital multitrack recorders and workstations, and compute

Engineer, Front of House Sound-The Front of House Engineer controls the mix for the audience during a live event, and most often operates from the middle of the audience or at the last few rows of the audience from an equipment area known as the “Front Of House Position” or “FOH”. A front of house engineer will often use a variety of processors and effects to provide a particular style to the mix. As with the monitor engineer, front of house engineers are constantly listening to the overall blend in order to make decisions ab

Engineer, Monitor-The Monitor Engineer’s role is most essential at music events, as opposed to spoken word events. In most cases, each performer on stage has their own individual mix that is custom tailored by the monitor engineer to suit their audio needs. The monitor engineer is then faced with the challenge of pleasing anywhere from four to ten or more musicians with a good mix. At shows with a separate monitor mix position, that mixer is typically located just off-stage, to provide easier communication between the performers and the monitor engineer.

Engineer, Recording-Recording Engineers (sound engineers or audio engineers) usually work in recording studios making high quality sound recordings, mainly for the music and entertainment industry. They need to be able to operate complex electronic equipment to reproduce music, dialogue, sound effects and other audio content to the highest quality. This may be for commercial music CDs or albums, radio, television and theater, commercials or corporate presentations and promotions.

Engraver-A Music Engraver offers many different services including music typesetting, note setting, editing and score preparation. Usually using engraving software, an Engraver specializes in transforming handwritten manuscripts into a computer typeset electronic engraving for a successful presentation or publication. Engravers can also draw out music notation by hand.

Events, Management-An Event Manager is an employee who is often needed at places like concert halls, athletics facilities, civic centers and theaters. The Event Manager–generally speaking–is responsible for making sure that shows or events scheduled at a location proceed as planned. An event manager is responsible for finding an act, show or organization to hold an event in the facility that he manages. For example, if an event manager works for a conference center, he would work with the local convention and

Executive Director-The Executive Director is also often referred to as an organizations CEO or Chief Executive. The role of the Executive Director is to strategize, conceptualize and execute companywide policy and business plans. Executive Director will also handle the daily on-goings of the company including everything from staff and committee organization, management, and collaboration.

Facilities Manager-Facilities managers, also known as administrative services managers, help ensure that organizations operate efficiently by expertly planning and directing building-related services. For example, a facilities manager could allocate office space to different departments, ensure that water pipes are properly maintained, analyze energy expenditures, and procure major equipment.

Festival Organizer-A Festival Organizer responsibilities can include the marketing, signage, audiovisual equipment arrangement, printing and security arrangements, and logistics of a festival. To the Festival Organizer, an event resembles a product which they also need to market and advertise. The planner comes up with creative ways to promote the products (festivals) so as to make the attendees feel good.

Financial, Executive-A Financial Executive oversees the macro financial operations of a company or corporation. They have final say on the life of old and new accounts, as well as other company investments.

Fundraiser-A Fundraiser is an integral part of any non-profit organization, as they are responsible for maintaing funding for the organization. The Fundraiser will be expected to maintain relationships with former and current donators, as well reach out and build relationships with new donors. This is a position for a very outgoing and personable personality.

General Manager-A General Manager can be appropriated to several different roles depending on the size of the organization in which they work. This role is generally reserved at a smaller organization for the CEO (Chief Executive Officer), but may be potentially filled by a company’s COO (Chief Operating Officer), CFO (Chief Financial Officer), or CMO (Chief Marketing Officer)-This person handles the profit and loss responsibilities of the company.

Graphic Artist / Design-A Graphic Artist/Designer working in the music industry may be responsible for designing artist album covers, album leafs, promotional materials, brand logos and other images relating to a certain artist, brand or record label.

Human Resources Manager-The Human Resources Manager at a music company is the management for all company personnel. This job typically requires a degree in some sort of Business Administration, and a person with a strong ability to manage multiple personalities on a day to day basis. They will handle any complaints or suggestions, and be the mediator for any issues amongst office employees. They are also responsible for observing and maintaining companywide culture among employees.

Impersonator, Musician-A Vocal Impersonator is one who takes on the personality, stage presence, and music of a known artist, and then performs it as if they were the actual artist. Often used for sound-a-like recordings.

Individual Giving Manager-Charitable giving to human causes on a large scale. Philanthropy must be more than just a charitable donation; it is an effort undertaken by an individual or organization based on an altruistic desire to improve human welfare. Wealthy individuals sometimes establish foundations to facilitate their philanthropic efforts

Intern-An Intern is a student or a trainee who works for little or no pay at a company to gain work experience that they can carry with them in to their next job or career

IT Programmer-An IT Programmer is generally responsible for the design, development and administration of transactional and analytical data structures. An IT Programmer working in the music industry may be involved in the development of music apps or online music services. The responsibilities of an IT Programmer may include developing new applications from beginning to end, maintains existing applications, innovating data visualization and presentation techniques, creating code that meets system standards, and analyzing methods to efficiently address software system requirements.

Label, Director-A Label Director is responsible for the overall operation of the record label. This person will give the label direction and purpose daily, and serve as the team leader for final decision making.

Label, Manager-The Label Manager will supervise and see that all day to day operational tasks are carried out appropriately. A person in this position will be supervised by the Label Director, and will be the liaison between the employees and their superiors.

Librarian-A Music Librarian classifies and files musical recordings, sheet music, original arrangements, and scores for individual instruments. This position selects music that will accommodate the subject matter of a program. A Music Librarian can also suggest musical selections for cinema, theatre, and radio, issue required music to a Conductor or other studio personnel, or listen to music, using playback equipment, to verify that the quality of recordings meet broadcast standards.

Licensing, Manager-A Licensing, Manager ensures that the owners of copyrights on musical works are compensated for certain uses of their work, such as broadcasting on Radio and Television. Responsibilities may include overseeing generally department operations such as monitoring and pursuing license fee collections, processing license fee payments and maintaining synch licensing databases.

Lighting Director-Electrical Lighting Technicians (ELT) or simply Lighting Tech., are involved with rigging stage and location sets and controlling artificial, electric lights for art and entertainment venues (theater or live music venues) or in video, television, or film production. In a theater production, lighting technicians work under the lighting designer and master electrician. In video, television, and film productions, lighting technicians work under the direction of the Gaffer or Chief Lighting Technician whom takes their direction from the cinematographer.

Lighting Technician-Electrical Lighting Technicians (ELT) or simply Lighting Tech., are involved with rigging stage and location sets and controlling artificial, electric lights for art and entertainment venues (theater or live music venues) or in video, television, or film production. In a theater production, lighting technicians work under the lighting designer and master electrician. In video, television, and film productions, lighting technicians work under the direction of the Gaffer or Chief Lighting Technician.

Luthier-A Luthier makes or repairs any type of String Instrument. The craft of making string instruments, or lutherie, is commonly divided into two main categories: makers of stringed instruments that are plucked or strummed and makers of stringed instruments that are bowed.

Lyricist-A lyricist creates words that are sung to a particular tune. Sometimes the lyricist writes the words first and a composer sets them to music, while other times the composer already has written the music and seeks a lyricist to fit words into the piece.

Make-Up Artist-A make-up artist (or ‘makeup artist’) is an artist whose medium is the human body, applying makeup and prosthetics for theatrical, television, film, fashion, magazines and other similar productions including all aspects of the modeling industry.

Marketing Analyst-A Marketing Analyst will compile data based on consumer groups, target markets, past campaigns, and other company data to help analyze and recommend new marketing campaigns or techniques for the company.

Marketing, Manager-A Marketing Manager is responsible for coming up with marketing concepts, working with the creative department on images and advertisements, develop marketing strategies and plans, and present findings to company executives. It is a management position, so this person will likely have a college degree in Marketing and/or several years of experience in Marketing.

Mastering Engineer-A Mastering Engineer is one skilled in the practice of taking audio (typically musical content) that has been previously mixed in either the analog or digital domain as mono, stereo, or multichannel formats and preparing it for use in distribution, whether by physical media such as a CD, vinyl record, or as some method of streaming audio.

MC-An MC can be either a lyricist, rapper, or the host of an event. MC’s are often the center of attention on stage, and almost always holding the microphone.

Media Manager-The Media Manager uses digital media including social, mobile, video, etc. to boost company earnings, build relationships with consumers and affiliates, and exploit the company in the digital world. This person will tend to the website/s and act as lead administrator of a company’s digital media.

Media Relations / PR, Manager-The Media Relations / PR Manager position runs the Public Relations and Media Relations arms of a company. They are responsible for maintaining the current state of the department, as well as bring in new ideas to support its growth. They will be the liaison between the company and its relationships with media outlets.

Membership Representative-A Membership Representative is responsible for acting as a liaison between members and the parent company. They are the ears, eyes, and voice for the company and the clients, and are expected to mediate as well as voice their opinions based on company and member concerns.

Merchandiser– Music merchandisers work on the business side of the music industry, combining their love for music with a practical application. Individuals with a background in sales and marketing may have a head start in this career. With possible career opportunities in talent agencies, management firms, record companies and public relations offices, music merchandisers use their knowledge of the music business to promote the sales of musical artists and their products as well as instruments, sheet music

Music Attorney-Music Attorneys practice in the entertainment law field. Their job usually includes representing musicians by putting together deals, negotiating and reviewing contracts and protecting against copyright infringement. Music attorneys can work in law firms that have entertainment law practices, or as in-house counsel at record label and publishing companies.

Music Director-A Music Director may be the director of an orchestra, the director of music for a film, the director of music at a radio station, the head of the music department in a school, the coordinator of the musical ensembles in a university or college (but not usually the head of the academic music department), the head bandmaster of a military band, the head organist and choirmaster of a church, or an Organist and Master of the Choristers. Music Directors are generally responsible for choosing music to be played or directing the performances of musicians.

Music Editor-In Film and Television, a Music Editor matches music to visual scenes in a manner that enhances the feel and impact of a film. They make sure the music is in tempo with the scenes and that the music is an enhancement and not a distraction.

Music Ensemble / Band-A music ensemble/band is a group of musicians that have come together to perform; often hired by bars, venues, or individuals for parties. This can include cover bands, orchestras, symphonies, jazz groups, rock bands, etc. [

Music Journalist-Music journalists write news stories about singers, musicians and the music industry for all types and sizes of publications, ranging from specialty outlets, including large magazines to local and regional newspapers. Like all journalists, they are expected to adhere to certain ethical and research standards.

Music Publishing, Manager-A Music Publishing Manager is generally responsible for ensuring that songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially. Through an agreement called a publishing contract, a songwriter or composer “assigns” the copyright of their composition to a publishing company. In return, the company licenses compositions, helps monitor where compositions are used, collects royalties and distributes them to the composers. They also secure commissions for music and promote existing compositions to recording artists.

Music Software Engineer-A Music Software Engineer develops software that runs programs for music production, composing, notation, music apps or online music services. An Audio Software Engineer specifically develops the software that runs programs for the gaming industry, websites, television, video and radio stations. As the digital sound movement completely replaces analog transmission of sound, software development is more important than ever.

Music Supervisor-Typically, a Music Supervisor handles the process of choosing, negotiating, and incorporating pieces of music into visual media (such as a television show or movie), acting as a liaison between the creative and business ends of this process. This position is most active within media based industries, including live events, television, film, advertising, theatre, and video gaming. Music supervisors may work within production companies, film studios, networks, music supervision companies, or do freelance work.

Music Technologist-Music Technologists are experts in producing music using technology. They need to be enthusiasts for electronic sound and experts in using the software and equipment. Many Music Technologists work from home and some work out of a studio, using equipment such as samplers, sequencers, synthesizers, MIDI, drum machines and computers. As well as working in the music industry they may work in film and TV or in the computer games industry. For a career in electronic music production it is essential se the hardware and software, and there are many courses available at all levels.

Musician-A musician is someone who has studied and performs on one or more instruments. Musicians are often needed as a fill-in for a symphony orchestra, or a rock band member. Sessions Musicians are often versatile artists used primarily for recording sessions in recording studios.

Musicologist-In general, a Musicologist studies music. There are a number of branches of musicology, ranging from music theory to comparative musicology, in which the musicologist compares and contrasts the music of different cultures. Many colleges offer some form of a musicology degree, and some musicologists are also accomplished musicians with a deep understanding of their art.

New Media Manager-The New Media Manager is responsible for managing accounts in social media, video sites, and any other newer media used by the company. They are required to stay on the cutting edge of all new media, and integrate the company as soon as it seems pertinent. [

Operations Manager-An Operations Manager oversees, designs, and redesigns business operations to be as efficient as it can be. Their job is to ensure safety and efficiency in workplace operations.

Orchestra Manager-The Orchestra Manager is responsible for arranging orchestra concert tours, as well as dealing with any problems that arise for the orchestra, including the late arrival of instruments to an auditorium, or a musician becoming ill and needing a replacement. He or she may also need to negotiate contracts for any guest soloists and/or guest conductors who will be performing with the orchestra.

Photographer-Photographers use cameras to create pictures for artistic, news or commercial purposes. In the music industry, photographers can be responsible for capturing performances and photographing artists for CDs and promotional materials.

Presenter-A Presenter is responsible for hosting events, as well as broadcast programs. A broadcast presenter is the public face – or voice – of programs broadcasted on television, radio and the internet. They work on a variety of platforms including national, regional, satellite and cable television, online or radio, but their role is always to entertain and inform their audiences by presenting information and/or entertainment in an accessible and attractive way.

Press Office, Director-The Press Office Director has several duties including the maintenance of quality control for outgoing editorials and other print, managing and hiring of office staff, build and maintain relationships with other media outlets, and come up with new and improved strategies to boost and grow the business.

Producer-Recording Industry Producers organize all aspects of recording music. Many operate in the traditional way of working with performers in a recording studio with the assistance of a sound engineer. Others use their own equipment to try out ideas but use a commercial recording studio for the final recording. With changes in technology, an increasing number of people are becoming involved in producing their own music. Some experienced sound engineers become recording industry Producers.

Production Coordinator-The Production Coordinator serves under the production manager, producer or UPM to coordinate the various groups and personnel that come together in filmmaking to a movie and video production to make a television show. It is a supervisory position to the Production assistant staff. The position requires adept organizational skills, resourcefulness and the ability to handle a multitude of tasks simultaneously under often high-pressure situations. The POC serves as the gatekeeper of company policy.

Program Director-A Program Director is generally responsible for the development and management of educational or performance programs.

Project Manager- Project Managers are responsible for seeing a project through from beginning to its completion. They are responsible for maintaining deadlines and goals, and achieving them.

Promoter-A Promoter organizes entertainment events such as concerts, nightclub parties or sporting events in any type of venue. Their responsibilities require skills in several areas–advertising, public relations, finance, entertainment business sense, innovation and intuition. Generally, a promoter’s job is to conceive an event, hire the personnel needed to make it happen, choose an appropriate venue, choose a date, advertise the event, plan its logistics (every event requires a detailed itinerary when things are supposed to happen)

Promotion, Director-The Promotions Director is a managerial position that requires a versatile and savvy person to fill the role. They are in charge of assisting in the development and execution of all company promotional campaigns in advertising and marketing. The Promotions Director is responsible for assembling and monitoring his/her team within the department, and ensuring that all departmental goals are executed thoroughly.

Radio Management-The Radio Station Manager has the responsibility for the day-to-day operation of the station including managing the various departments, scheduling on and off air staff, dealing with promotions and other advertising issues as well as ensuring that the station follows are regulations and guidelines. The station manager is also the liaison between the station owners and the employees and works to make sure that all employees are following the goals of the owners with regards to the type of station.

Radio Producer-Radio producers are primarily responsible for creating a radio show. They are involved in the entire process, right from the conceptualization to the final distribution. Radio producers generate ideas, research and develop the content, select the audio, and also contact potential contributors and interviewees. In addition, they are in charge of designing the schedule, handling the recording and editing, and also managing budgets. Radio producers interact with a lot of people and work to get the resources and necessary equipment.

Radio Programmer-A Radio Programmer is someone who schedules the content which is broadcast on a radio station. Program directors actually shape the nature of the content, determining what kind of content they want to broadcast, while other types of radio programmers are responsible for ensuring that broadcasts run smoothly and that no dead air occurs during broadcast periods. Training in this aspect of the profession is available at a number of colleges, universities, and technical schools.

Radio Promotion-Radio Promotions staff are responsible for developing and implementing creative promotions initiatives for radio and/or online services to ensure maximum publicity. This includes event branding, merchandising, major outside broadcasts and forging links with diverse communities across the county. A promotions manager must have critical-thinking and problem-solving skills to be able to create promotions and analyze campaign data.

Radio Talent:Radio Talent may refer to On-Air Personalities, or DJs. Because music provides only a fraction of the incentive for listeners to tune in, an On-Air Personality must be able to entertain an audience. They must equip themselves with a knack for conversation. S/he will frequently conduct live interviews with celebrities, local event coordinators, and listeners. Pleasing clients with catchy, infectious ads also consumes a large amount of an on-air personality’s work day.

Recruiter-A Recruiter is someone who actively seeks talent for a company. This can be an in-house position, but is often outsourced to another company with more experience in finding the right fit for newly open positions at an organization.

Rehearsal Pianist-Will perform all music throughout rehearsals, which is often a reduction of the orchestral score. This allows choirs, actors, vocalists, etc. to continue their rehearsals with a broke down musical accompaniment.

Remixer-A Remixer recombines audio tracks or channels from a recording to produce a new or modified audio recording.

Repetiteur– A Répétiteur is responsible for coaching singers and playing the piano for music and production rehearsals. When coaching solo singers or choir members, the répétiteur will take on a number of the roles of a vocal coach: advising singers on how to improve their pitch and pronunciation, and correcting note or phrasing errors. Repetiteurs are skilled musicians who have strong sight-reading and score reading skills.

Researcher:A Researcher is someone who does research on a particular project or task for a company.

Retail Sales Manager– A Retail Sales Manager is required to coordinate the sales associates, and monitor daily sales. This person is responsible for the smooth running of the retail store, managing employees, and reaching sales goals.

Road Manager-A Road Manager is responsible for all the background work that goes on during a tour. This person prepares the route that the tour will take to get to the next destination. This position is also responsible for checking on the venue; making sure that the lighting and sound qualities are satisfactory, making sure bands and associates have food and lodging. The Road Manager is also responsible for keeping the band and crew working together, solving interpersonal conflicts, if necessary.

Royalty Accounts, Director:A Royalty Accounts, Director is generally responsible for ensuring that licensing deals are tracked and that payments are timely and in accordance with agreements. This position is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the processing of artist royalties related to these agreements.

Sales Executive:A Sales Executive is responsible for managing the sales department of a company or corporation. Their primary responsibilities are to control the hiring and firing of employees, project and reach company wide sales goals, and oversee the day to day operations of the sales department including it’s finances. This position may require a college degree in business or finance due to the requirements of the job.

Sales Representative:A Sales Executive is the liaison between the company and its clients. They are responsible for maintaining relationships with current clients, and building relationships with new clients. Their primary responsibility is to make and manage the sales of the company’s product.

Sales, Director:The Sales Director is responsible for managing the sales department, divvying up the work within the department amongst employees, assessing employee performance, and reporting on those observations to their superiors.

Scenographer:Scenography relates to the study and practice of design for performance. [

Security Personnel:The role of a security guard is to safeguard, patrol, and monitor any theft or violence in the premises where his duty has been assigned. For a large organization, the duties of security guards are directed by a higher security director, while he may work alone for small buildings. In both cases, the security guard is responsible for serving his employer by providing safety against any law violator, and determining any sort of disturbance that will incur losses to the client. A Bodyguard handles

Singer: Professional Singers or Vocalists perform live in front of an audience or make recordings for broadcast, CD or download. They interpret music by using their knowledge of voice production, melody, harmony, and rhythm. They might do session work for backing tracks, advertisements and films. They may sing alone as a soloist, work with a group of musicians or sing with others in a choir. They may sing classical music, pop, ballads or in musical shows. Singers may specialize in one of many fields

Singer / Songwriter: A vocalist that also writes songs. Often will write both the lyrics and music (chord progressions), but may just do one or the other, and collaborate with other songwriters.

Social Media Specialist:The Social Media Specialist is responsible for managing, expanding, and coordinating all social media for the company. They will be the liaison between the company and its social media networks.

Software Engineer:A Software Engineer applies computer science, engineering, and math to design, develop, and test software. Software engineers first analyze users’ needs. Then they design, construct, test, and maintain the needed software or systems. In programming, or coding, they tell a computer, line by line, how to function. They also solve any problems that arise. They must possess strong coding skills, but are more likely to develop algorithms and solve problems than write code.

Songwriter:Songwriters are responsible for creating musical pieces for a variety of uses, including advertising, television, film, video games, plays, operas, ballets and recording artists. Additionally, songwriters may write music for their own personal use and performance.

Sound Designer:The Sound Designer plans and provides the sound effects in the play. The composer writes any original music the show may require. All the music and/or effects in a play considered as a whole make up the “soundscape.” In addition to the sounds of the words spoken by the actors, a play may also call for sound effects to recreate lifelike noises or use music or abstract and unidentifiable sounds to support the drama.

Stage Manager:In the world of theater, a stage manager is a master of organization and communication. A stage manager is in charge of: Organizing rehearsal schedules, keeping track of the actors’ movements while onstage (also called blocking), facilitating rehearsals so that they run smoothly, recording timing of lighting, sound and set changes, calling cues for actors, assisting the director during rehearsals, communicating with cast and crew. The ultimate goal of the stage manager is to ensure that the dire

Street Team:A Street Team is an organized group of people, often students, who will go around a specified area and promote an event, band, artist, or company by handing out flyers, swag, and/or putting up posters.

Studio Manager:A Studio Manager in the music industry makes sure that the studio is organized in terms of bookings, equipment and administration. They are often involved in the business side of the operations, making sure they keep existing clients satisfied and attract new business to the recording studio. Very often recording Studio Managers will be experienced musicians or producers. They need to be in touch with what is happening in the music industry and all the changes that are taking place in terms of new music technology and equipment as well as trends in how people record and produce music.

Stylist:A Stylist can be responsible for designing and/or implementing the wardrobe, hair style, and overall physical image of actors in a production.

Subscription Sales:A Subscription Sales representative is responsible for selling products based on some kind of recurring payment. This may be anything from a monthly magazine to an internet musical service subscription.

Supply Chain Analyst:Supply Chain Management (SCM) is an integrated approach to planning, implementing and controlling the flow of information, materials and services from raw material and component suppliers through the manufacturing of the finished product for ultimate distribution to the end customer. It includes the systematic integration of processes for demand planning, customer relationship collaboration, order fulfillment/delivery, product/service launch, manufacturing/operations, planning and control, new music technology and equipment as well as trends in how people record and produce music. –

Supply Chain Manager-Supply Chain Management (SCM) is an integrated approach to planning, implementing and controlling the flow of information, materials and services from raw material and component suppliers through the manufacturing of the finished product for ultimate distribution to the end customer. It includes the systematic integration of processes for demand planning, customer relationship collaboration, order fulfillment/delivery, product/service launch, manufacturing/operations planning and control, supplier relationship collaboration, life cycle support, and reverse logistics.

Supply Chain Planner-Supply Chain Management (SCM) is an integrated approach to planning, implementing and controlling the flow of information, materials and services from raw material and component suppliers through the manufacturing of the finished product for ultimate distribution to the end customer.

Technical Director-A Technical Director’s job is to make sure the technical equipment in a theater or venue is functional, maintained and safe; the technical director is responsible for the overall organization of the technical production process. Duties included are generating necessary working drawings for construction (in conjunction with a drafts person, if there is one); budget estimations and maintaining of accounts; materials research and purchasing; scheduling and supervising build crews; coordinating put-ins; handling conflicts that arise between different departments; and organizing the strike and clean-up for that production.

Technician-Sound Technicians set up, operate and maintain technical equipment to amplify, enhance, record, mix or reproduce sound. They work from studios or on location and at live events in a variety of venues. In the music industry, experienced and well qualified Sound Technicians are an essential part of any live performance. As well as their technical knowledge and knowledge of the equipment it is important they have a good understanding of the specific requirements of the music being performed.

Backline Technician-A Backline Technician provides technical support for live performances. Each artist, orchestra or band is different and will have different needs, so the work can be varied. They will need to be comfortable with different types of equipment and different setups. Depending on the musicians and the type of event the Technician is working on they may be responsible for a range of road crew tasks or they may specialize in a particular area, such as percussion or strings.

Drum Technician-On a touring concert or theatrical production, the drum tech is solely responsible for drums and other percussion instruments and related accessories. He or she is tasked with loading in instruments before show and building the kit to the specifications of the musician; this includes miking the kit and tuning the instruments. Backstage, the drum technician installs and operates an electronics rig generally consisting of power conditioners, an audio interface, synthesizer modules, a sampling

Guitar Technician-A Guitar Technician is a member of a music ensemble’s road crew who maintains and sets up the musical equipment for one or more guitarists during a concert tour. Depending on the type and size of band, the guitar tech may be responsible for stringing, tuning, and adjusting electric guitars and acoustic guitars, and maintaining and setting up guitar amplifiers and other related electronic equipment such as effect pedals.

Technician, Keyboard-Keyboard technicians, often referred to as piano technicians, technologists or tuners, adjust and repair pianos. Keyboard technicians can own their own business or work for universities, large orchestras or piano manufacturers. A few academic programs in piano technology and repair exist through technical schools and universities. Due to the size of the instrument, keyboard technicians often work independently, visiting customers’ homes, churches or concert halls.

Studio Technician-The recording studio technician is primarily concerned with maintenance and repair of electronic equipment, including cables, microphones, and amps. Depending on the individual’s range of expertise, he or she may also be tasked with caring for instruments in the studio’s inventory and performing repairs like bridge replacements on guitars or changing out drum heads. The studio technician works closely with in-house recording engineers and staff to regularly inspect gear for damage and and wear, and will respond to immediate needs for troubleshooting and replacement of equipment during recording sessions.

Wiring Technician –A Wiring Technician is responsible for setting up and/or operating audio and video equipment including microphones, sound speakers, video screens, projectors, video monitors, recording equipment, connecting wires and cables, sound and mixing boards, and related electronic equipment for concerts, sports events, meetings and conventions, presentations, and news conferences. A Wiring Tech may also set up and operate associated spotlights and other custom lighting systems.

Theatre Teacher- Theatre Teacher teaches acting principles and techniques to individuals or groups. This position can be responsible for teaching enunciation, diction, voice development, and dialects, voice exercises, speech drills, explanation, lectures, and improvisation..

Tour Manager-A Tour Manager helps to organize the administration for a schedule of appearances of a musical group (band) or artist at a sequence of venues (a concert tour). In general, road managers handle small to medium-sized tours, and tour managers are used on large-scale tours.

Venue Director-The primary duty of the Venue Director is to oversee all operations of the venue. This includes the management of all staff, the oversight of all procedures and the troubleshooting of any problems. A venue must operate year round, so the venue manager must keep the space in good working condition not only during a performance, but on off nights as well.


The list of music industry careers have been amended from: